England

Great sunset scene in Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England

England is a country that occupies most of the southern half of Great Britain and includes London, Sheffield, Leeds and Liverpool. England shares a border with Wales and Scotland.

The English people are also known as the Britons, the British or the Anglo-Saxons; their language has been called “English.” The region’s inhabitants have traditionally been called of “the English” or “English people”, though for more recent periods this term is often qualified to distinguish between Welsh and British identifying English people. The very first recorded use of the word in 1097 was by Bede in his Historia Ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (Ecclesiastical History of Ancient People). A later King James might make reference to this use when he said, “This Realm of England is an Empire”.

Modern English has distinguished itself from other Germanic languages, denoting historical changes with great precision. For example: “English” has been called Anglo-Saxon: “Angles”, Saxons, Jutes (Germanic tribes which settled in Britain); it was the language that would come to be known as “English”.

The capital of England is London. London, is the largest city in England. It is the country’s financial and cultural centre and has a large-scale metropolitan economy.

London is one of the world’s leading business, financial and cultural centres with a diverse range of creative industries. London has been one of the world’s leading business, financial and cultural centres since the 18th century.

England has a population of around 55 million people.

England is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe.

The only English city to have a larger populace than Scotland’s largest city, Glasgow, is London – more than twice its size – or Birmingham, which closely matches Glasgow’s population density but has more staff per person because it covers 100 square miles to Glasgow’s 59 square kilometres. Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool and Sheffield are also among Europe’s top 20 for population densities – but other British cities fare less well in this ranking.

The English population is evenly spread. The country has a population of around 55 million people, with its main cities densely populated. England’s only English city to have a larger populace than Scotland’s largest city is London – more than twice its size – or Birmingham, which closely matches Glasgow’s population density but has more staff per person because it covers 100 square miles to Glasgow’s 59 square kilometres. Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool and Sheffield are also among Europe’s top 20 for population densities – but other British cities fare less well in this ranking.